Condensation is a change of state from gas to liquid. When the process happens latent heat trpped in that parcel of air is released. For condensation to take place 3 things are needed:
Air must be cooled below dew point temperature
Dew point temperature
Is the temperature needed for air to be saturated. For condensation to take place air must be cooled below its dew point temperature. This can be achieved by Radiation cooling
when excess longwave radiation occurs on a cloudless, high pressure night leaving the ground very cold.Advection cooling
, which occurs when warm parcels of air hovers along cold surfaces, this usually occur on coastal areas where temperatures of sea and land are different.
For condensation to take place there must be
something to uplift the air. This is achieved through:
Orographic (relief) uplift
For condensation to take place, there must be
a presence of hygroscopic nuclei such as dust, aerosols and salt particles in the atmosphere. These
particles act like magnet, attracting water vapour which accumulates to form water droplets(clouds).